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Field Marshals Hall
The Feldherrnhalle (Field Marshals`hall) used to be an important monumental loggia. It was built between 1841 and 1844 at the southern end of the Ludwigstrasse and east of the Hofgarten.
Before the Field Marshals` Hall was built, another city gate, the Schwabinger Gate, occupied that place.
The hall was built by Friedrich von Gärtner by order of King Ludwig I of Bavaria modelled after the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence. It was intended to be a monument to the Bavarian army and its most famous marshalls.
On November 9th in 1923, a confrontation took place just in front of the hall: The Bavarian State Police and an illegally organized march by the followers of Adolf Hitler started fighting against each other when the police tried to stop the marchers. The State Police felt threatened and opened fire. As a result, Hitler was arrested and sentenced to a prison term. This was one of the efforts by the Nazis to take over the Bavarian State, which is known as the Beer Hall Putsch.
Also during the Nazi regime a monument was built up at the Field Marshals´Hall reminding passing people of the failed putsch in 1923. Anyone was supposed to salute to Nazi guard of honour. But those, who did not want to, used a narrow lane behind the hall, which was given the name 'Drueckebergergassl' (Dodgers´ lane) due to that reason.
Nowadays the hall is frequently used as a location for music concerts because it offers a very good acoustic.